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Vue.js Interview Questions: 10 Questions (and answers) that matter

Updated: Jun 15

Finding Vue js interview questions and answers isn’t difficult. In fact, it won’t take more than a few minutes to find hundreds of Vue js interview questions.

But in this article, we’ll only look at ten questions and answers.


Simple Job Listings is a job board and as a result, we have access to companies that are hiring right now. These are ten questions and answers that matter. We’re not going to be looking at basic questions. Those aren’t the ones you’re going to be asked.

We’ll be looking at questions that matter. For each question, you will see:

  1. Why it was asked

  2. A sample answer

  3. Why it’s a good answer

Obviously, the sample answers aren’t going to exactly match your experience and that’s why we’ve included the third segment — why it’s a good answer.

If you go through that segment, you’ll see how to structure your answer, what to say, and a good idea about what the interviewer is trying to find out.

So, let’s get started.

Vue.js interview questions that matter

Vue.js interview questions and answers - image

Q1. What is the role of the Virtual DOM in Vue.js, and how does it improve application performance?

Why is this question asked:

The role of the Virtual DOM in Vue.js is a fundamental concept that every experienced Vue.js developer should understand. Virtual DOM is a major part of how Vue.js ensures efficient rendering of user interfaces, and hence, understanding it shows a developer's proficiency in creating performant Vue.js applications.

As a result, this question is crucial in assessing a developer's knowledge of Vue.js's internal workings and their understanding of how to build optimized applications using the framework.

Example answer:

To start with, the Virtual DOM is a lightweight copy of the actual DOM. It's a sort of abstraction, which Vue.js uses to track the state of the application's user interface.

Whenever there's a change in the application's state, instead of directly applying this change to the real DOM, Vue.js first reflects these changes in the Virtual DOM.

This is because direct and frequent manipulations of the real DOM can be computationally expensive and slow down the application.

After the changes have been made in the Virtual DOM, Vue.js then compares this updated Virtual DOM with the previous version, a process known as 'diffing'. In this 'diffing' step, Vue.js identifies the exact changes or 'differences' between the two versions of the Virtual DOM.

Diffing is also called reconciliation or patch.

Once these differences are identified, Vue.js applies these changes, and only these changes, to the real DOM.

This selective updating of the real DOM, rather than updating the whole DOM every time, significantly optimizes the rendering process and enhances the performance of the application.

This approach enables Vue.js to provide a responsive user interface while minimizing potentially costly DOM operations.

Why is this a good answer:

  • It accurately explains what the Virtual DOM is: a lightweight copy of the actual DOM.

  • It provides a step-by-step process of how Vue.js uses the Virtual DOM to handle changes in an application's state, showcasing a deep understanding of the framework.

  • It correctly identifies the role of the Virtual DOM in improving application performance: by minimizing direct DOM manipulations and instead using a diffing process to selectively update the DOM.

  • It demonstrates an understanding of key terms and concepts like 'diffing' and ‘patch’, further proving the candidate's proficiency in Vue.js.

  • The answer is concise, clear, and easy to understand, reflecting the candidate's ability to communicate complex concepts effectively.

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Q2. Can you explain the difference between one-way data flow and two-way data binding in Vue.js?

Why is this question asked:

Understanding the concepts of one-way data flow and two-way data binding is fundamental to effectively working with Vue.js, or any modern JavaScript framework.

This question tests the candidate's knowledge of how data flows in a Vue.js application and how changes to the data are managed.

It also reveals if the candidate understands the implications of using one method over the other and can make an appropriate choice based on the application's needs.

Example answer:

In Vue.js, one-way data flow and two-way data binding are two fundamental concepts that dictate how data is managed and manipulated in an application.

One-way data flow refers to a pattern where the data flows downstream, from parent components down to child components. This is done via props.

This is important because it ensures that the child component cannot directly mutate a prop that it receives from a parent component. If a child needs to communicate a change to its parent, it emits an event, and the parent can react to that event. T

his keeps data flow unidirectional, and it's easier to reason about and debug because you know exactly where changes to your data are coming from.

On the other hand, two-way data binding is a pattern that allows changes in the child components to automatically update the parent components' data, and vice versa.

This is primarily facilitated in Vue.js using the v-model directive.

For example, if you have a form input that is bound to a piece of data, any changes to the input field will automatically update the corresponding data, and any changes to the data will update the view.

This two-way data binding creates a more interactive user experience, but it also can lead to a higher degree of coupling between components, and it can make debugging more difficult because changes can be coming from multiple places.

To sum it up, one-way data flow provides a clear, linear path for data changes, making the application easier to understand and debug.

Two-way data binding allows for a more responsive, interactive user experience but can also introduce additional complexity.

Why is this a good answer:

  • It provides clear definitions of one-way data flow and two-way data binding, demonstrating a good understanding of these key Vue.js concepts.

  • It outlines the mechanisms behind each concept in Vue.js, showing the candidate's knowledge of how the framework implements these data patterns.

  • It compares and contrasts the two concepts, providing insights into their trade-offs and implications for application development. This demonstrates the candidate's ability to make informed decisions when designing Vue.js applications.

  • The answer is explained in an accessible way, highlighting the candidate's ability to communicate complex ideas effectively.

  • It demonstrates the candidate's understanding of application design principles and best practices in Vue.js.

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Q3. How do you handle error tracking in Vue.js? Can you talk about any particular libraries or tools you've used?

Why is this question asked:

Handling errors effectively is a crucial part of building reliable and robust applications. This question assesses the candidate's understanding of error-handling strategies in Vue.js, their knowledge of relevant tools and libraries, and their experience in implementing these strategies.

A skilled developer will be well-versed in the mechanisms for tracking, handling, and debugging errors in a Vue.js application.

Example answer:

Error tracking allows us to identify and fix problems promptly, improving the overall user experience.

In my career, I've utilized a few different strategies and tools for error tracking in Vue.js.

One of the first mechanisms provided by Vue.js for error tracking is the global error handling hook, `errorHandler`. This hook catches errors from any descendant component in the component tree. This provides a centralized place for handling errors, making it easier to manage them.

Besides, Vue.js also has component-level error handling options such as the `errorCaptured` lifecycle hook and the `v-on:error` directive, which provide more granular control over error handling.

Apart from the native mechanisms in Vue.js, I've also used external libraries and tools to enhance my error-tracking capabilities.

Sentry, for instance, is a fantastic tool that I've used in several projects. It not only tracks errors but also provides detailed reports and analytics, allowing me to dig deeper into the issue.

Another tool I have used is LogRocket, which provides session replay capabilities, giving me a chance to understand exactly what the user was doing when the error occurred.

These tools, along with a robust testing strategy, have helped me ensure that the Vue.js applications I work on are well-monitored, and any errors are quickly identified and resolved.

Why is this a good answer:

  • It starts by acknowledging the importance of error tracking, reflecting the candidate's understanding of developing reliable applications.

  • It mentions both native Vue.js error handling mechanisms and external tools, showing a comprehensive approach to error tracking.

  • The mention of specific tools such as Sentry and LogRocket indicates that the candidate has hands-on experience in error tracking and is up-to-date with modern development practices.

  • The candidate also highlights how these tools can provide deeper insights into errors, showing their understanding of these tools' capabilities.

  • The mention of a robust testing strategy hints at a proactive approach to preventing errors, a quality of a skilled developer.

  • The answer is clear and detailed, reflecting the candidate's effective communication skills.

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Q4. Can you talk about an instance where you've used Vue.js mixins in your projects? What benefits did they bring?

Why is this question asked:

Mixins in Vue.js are a powerful feature for reusing code across different components. They allow developers to create a chunk of reusable code that can be imported into various components.

Asking a candidate about their real-life usage of mixins helps assess their hands-on experience and understanding of the concept.

It also shows whether they know when and where to use mixins for maximum benefit and how to use them effectively to create more maintainable and DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) code.

Example answer:

In one of my past projects, we used Vue.js to build an application with several components that needed to perform common operations.

We had components that needed to fetch data from an API and then perform some processing on the retrieved data. We realized that we were repeating the same code in various components, which goes against the DRY principle.

To address this, we decided to use Vue.js mixins. We created a mixin that contained methods for fetching data from the API and processing it. We then included this mixin in all the components that required these operations.

The benefits of using mixins in this instance were significant. Firstly, it reduced code duplication, as the common methods were defined in the mixin and then imported into the components that needed them. This made our codebase cleaner and more manageable.

Secondly, it increased efficiency. Whenever we needed to change the way we fetched or processed the data, we only needed to update the mixin, and the changes would be propagated to all the components using it. This made our development process faster and more efficient.

Thirdly, mixins enhanced code readability. Since all the common functionality was encapsulated in the mixin, it made it easier for other developers in the team to understand the code and work on it.

However, while mixins brought several benefits, we were also careful not to overuse them. Overuse can lead to conflicts and make the code harder to understand and maintain. We made sure that we only used mixins for truly reusable logic and kept component-specific logic within the components themselves.

Why is this a good answer:

  • It provides a real-world example of using mixins, demonstrating the candidate's practical experience with Vue.js.

  • The candidate explains the benefits of using mixins, such as reducing code duplication, increasing efficiency, and enhancing code readability, showing their understanding of the concept.

  • The candidate acknowledges the potential drawbacks of overusing mixins, demonstrating a balanced understanding of the feature and its trade-offs.

  • The answer is clear and detailed, showing the candidate's ability to explain their thought process and development decisions effectively.

  • The candidate's approach to using mixins also indicates their adherence to best practices and principles in software development, such as DRY.

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Q5. Have you ever needed to integrate Vue.js with another JavaScript framework in a project? What were the challenges you faced and how did you overcome them?

Why is this question asked:

This question assesses the candidate's practical experience in working with not just Vue.js but also other JavaScript frameworks.

The idea is to understand your ability to navigate the challenges that can arise when integrating different technologies.

It also provides insight into your problem-solving skills, adaptability, and understanding of the complexities of real-world software development projects.

Example answer:

Yes, I've had to integrate Vue.js with another JavaScript framework. It was a project where the client had an existing application built using AngularJS, and they wanted to gradually migrate to Vue.js due to its simplicity and performance advantages.

We had a few challenges, of course. Firstly, we had to ensure that the integration of Vue.js did not break any existing functionality of the AngularJS application. This was critical as the application was already in use by the client's customers.

Secondly, we had to figure out how to share the state between AngularJS and Vue.js components. Since both had their ways of managing state, ensuring a single source of truth was challenging.

To overcome these challenges, we used a step-by-step approach.

Instead of doing a complete rewrite, we began by building new features in Vue.js while leaving the existing AngularJS codebase intact. This allowed us to gradually introduce Vue.js into the project without disrupting the current application.

For state management, we used Vuex, Vue.js's state management library.

We created a shared Vuex store that could be accessed by both Vue.js and AngularJS components. For the AngularJS components, we created a service that would sync the AngularJS state with the Vuex store.

There were a few instances where we had to dive deep into the internals of both frameworks to understand how to make them work together seamlessly. This required thorough testing and a lot of patience, but in the end, we were able to complete the migration successfully.

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate provides a concrete example, demonstrating their hands-on experience in integrating Vue.js with another JavaScript framework.

  • They identify specific challenges they faced, such as maintaining existing functionality and managing state, demonstrating their problem-solving abilities.

  • The candidate describes the solutions they used to overcome these challenges, showing their understanding of both Vue.js and AngularJS.

  • The step-by-step approach and the decision to gradually introduce Vue.js reflect careful planning and risk management, qualities of an experienced developer.

  • The mention of specific tools like Vuex indicates a strong understanding of Vue.js's ecosystem.

  • The candidate's focus on thorough testing and patience emphasizes their commitment to building reliable, robust applications.

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Q6. Can you discuss a challenging feature you've implemented in Vue.js? What made it difficult and how did you solve it?

Why is this question asked:

This question serves multiple purposes. It's designed to gauge the candidate's experience level with Vue.js, test their problem-solving skills, and see how they handle complex tasks.

Understanding how a developer dealt with a challenging feature can offer insights into their thought process, technical prowess, and resilience in the face of difficulty.

Example answer:

One of the most challenging features I've implemented in Vue.js was a real-time, collaborative editing feature for a content management system. The goal was to allow multiple users to edit a document simultaneously, similar to what you might see in Google Docs.

The challenge came in several parts. Firstly, keeping the document's state synchronized across all users in real time was difficult. We had to make sure that any change made by one user was immediately reflected on the screens of all other users.

Secondly, handling conflicts was a major issue. When multiple users edit the same part of the document at the same time, we needed a system to manage and resolve these conflicts.

Finally, ensuring the feature's performance was a challenge. With multiple users editing in real time, the system had to handle a high volume of updates without slowing down or causing delays.

To solve these challenges, we used Vue.js along with Firebase's real-time database.

Firebase allowed us to sync the document's state across all users in real time. Firebase also provided conflict resolution mechanisms that we could utilize.

For the performance issues, we implemented various optimizations.

For instance, we used Vue.js's computed properties to ensure that only the parts of the document that were being edited would be re-rendered.

Despite the difficulties, implementing this feature was a rewarding experience. It pushed me to explore Vue.js and Firebase in-depth and to come up with innovative solutions to complex problems.

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate provides a specific example of a complex feature they implemented, demonstrating their experience with advanced Vue.js development.

  • They clearly articulate the challenges they faced and how they addressed them, showing their problem-solving skills and ability to handle complex tasks.

  • The use of Vue.js features, like computed properties for optimization, shows an advanced understanding of the framework.

  • The mention of Firebase demonstrates the candidate's ability to leverage external tools and technologies when needed, a crucial skill for modern web development.

  • The candidate's perspective on the experience as rewarding, despite the challenges, indicates a positive attitude towards learning and problem-solving.

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Q7.Can you provide an example of a time when you optimized the performance of a Vue.js application? What steps did you take, and what were the results?

Why is this question asked:

This question aims to assess the candidate's understanding and experience in improving the performance of a Vue.js application.

The performance of a web application is vital for user experience and SEO.

A skilled Vue.js developer should understand the techniques and tools for optimizing Vue.js applications and be able to apply them effectively in real-world scenarios.

Example answer:

I worked on a Vue.js application where we started to see performance issues as the application grew. The load time was high, and the interface became sluggish as users interacted with the application.

One major issue was that the application was loading too much data at once, which slowed down the initial load time.

To fix this, I implemented lazy loading for components and routes. This means that instead of loading all components and routes upfront, they were only loaded when needed. This significantly reduced the initial load time and made the application feel snappier.

Another issue was that certain components were being re-rendered too frequently, causing the interface to become sluggish. To address this, I utilized Vue.js's computed properties and the shouldComponentUpdate lifecycle hook to ensure that components only re-rendered when necessary.

Lastly, we used Vue's build analysis tools to identify chunks of the code that were unusually large and could be optimized.

We found some third-party libraries that were not being tree-shaken properly during the build process, resulting in larger bundle sizes. We addressed this by ensuring proper configuration for tree-shaking in our build process.

The results were quite significant. The load time was reduced by over 50%, and the interface became much more responsive. Users reported a much smoother experience, and our Google Lighthouse scores improved substantially.

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate provides a specific example of a performance optimization task, demonstrating their experience in this area.

  • The candidate details the problems they faced and how they tackled them, showcasing their problem-solving skills and knowledge of Vue.js performance optimization techniques.

  • Mentioning Vue's build analysis tools and Google Lighthouse shows that the candidate utilizes the right tools to diagnose and validate their optimization efforts.

  • The candidate quantifies the results of their efforts, which not only demonstrates the effectiveness of their actions but also shows that they measure and track the impact of their work.

  • The answer is clear and organized, reflecting effective communication skills.

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Q8. How would you handle large-scale state management in Vue.js?

Why is this question asked:

State management is a crucial aspect of any complex application, especially when the application scales and includes multiple components that need to share and interact with common state.

This question is asked to gauge the candidate's understanding of and experience with state management in Vue.js. It tests their knowledge of the tools and patterns available for managing state in large-scale Vue.js applications and their ability to apply these concepts effectively.

Example answer:

In larger Vue.js applications, handling state can become quite complex, especially when many components need to share and manipulate the same state. In such cases, local state management within components might not be enough, and we would need a more robust solution.

I've found Vuex to be an excellent tool for large-scale state management in Vue.js.

Vuex is a state management library developed specifically for Vue.js, and it follows the Flux architecture pattern. It provides a centralized store for all components in an application, allowing for consistent state management.

The application's state is stored in the Vuex store, and any changes to the state are made via strictly defined mutations.

This makes it easy to track state changes, making the application more predictable and easier to debug.

Also, Vuex allows for advanced state management concepts like modules for separating concerns and actions for handling asynchronous operations.

In one of my previous projects, we had a complex Vue.js application with many components that needed to interact with shared state. We used Vuex for state management, and it greatly simplified our state handling.

By keeping our state in the Vuex store, we were able to ensure that our state remained consistent across all components. The mutations helped us control and track state changes effectively. It made our application more maintainable and easier to reason about.

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate recognizes the complexities of state management in large-scale Vue.js applications and suggests a suitable solution, showing their understanding of the topic.

  • The answer includes specific Vue.js tools (Vuex), demonstrating their knowledge of the Vue.js ecosystem.

  • The candidate provides an example from their past experience, showcasing their practical application of these concepts.

  • They explain the benefits of their approach, indicating a clear understanding of why the approach was chosen and its impact on the development process.

  • The answer is clear and thorough, demonstrating effective communication skills.

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Q9. Can you explain how you would ensure the reusability and maintainability of Vue.js components in a large application?

Why is this question asked:

This question is asked to evaluate the candidate's understanding of good software development practices, particularly in terms of reusability and maintainability.

In large applications, it's critical to write code that can be reused and maintained easily to minimize duplication, improve readability, and simplify updates or modifications.

Example answer:

Firstly, I always try to design components to be as small and as focused as possible. Each component should have a specific purpose.

This makes it easier to understand what each component does and makes it more likely that the component can be reused in different parts of the application.

Secondly, I make extensive use of Vue.js's props and slots. Props allow us to pass data into a component, making it more flexible and reusable in different scenarios.

Slots, on the other hand, allow us to inject custom content into components, making them more adaptable for varied uses.

Thirdly, for more complex components that might be reused across multiple projects, I use Vue.js mixins or provide/inject API for sharing functionality across components. T

his allows for reusing complex behavior without duplicating code.

In terms of maintainability, it's important to follow good coding standards and practices. This includes consistent naming conventions, clear and concise code comments, and proper use of Vue.js features like computed properties and watchers. Also, taking advantage of Vue.js devtools can aid in debugging and maintaining the application.

In one of my previous projects, a large e-commerce application, we had many components that were reused across different parts of the site.

By keeping components focused and using props, slots, and mixins, we were able to create a robust, reusable component library. This significantly sped up the development process and made our codebase easier to maintain and extend.

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate clearly articulates several strategies for ensuring the reusability and maintainability of Vue.js components, demonstrating a deep understanding of Vue.js and software development best practices.

  • The answer shows the candidate's practical experience in implementing these strategies in a large Vue.js application.

  • The candidate's approach reflects a clear understanding of how to effectively use Vue.js features like props, slots, and mixins to build reusable and maintainable components.

  • Mention of Vue.js devtools shows an understanding of the available tools for maintaining Vue.js applications.

  • The answer is well-structured and communicated, demonstrating the candidate's strong communication skills.

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Q10. How does Vue.js handle the responsiveness of applications, particularly in terms of mobile environments?

Why is this question asked:

This question assesses the candidate's understanding of Vue.js's capabilities in creating responsive web applications that perform well across various devices, including mobiles.

It's increasingly important for web applications to offer a consistent and high-quality user experience across different screen sizes, resolutions, and platforms.

Example answer:

While Vue.js itself is a JavaScript framework focusing on the View layer and doesn't directly deal with responsiveness, which is typically a feature of CSS, it provides us with the tools and flexibility to build responsive applications effectively.

One of the main ways I ensure responsiveness in Vue.js applications is by leveraging CSS media queries and flexible grid systems for layout designs. These allow the application to adapt to different screen sizes and orientations.

Another approach is to make use of Vue.js's component-based architecture to create reusable components that can adapt based on the screen size. For instance, we can have components that render differently or display different information based on the device type.

In terms of performance on mobile devices, Vue.js's small size and efficiency make it well-suited to mobile environments, where network conditions might be poor, and device resources might be limited.

Additionally, Vue.js's reactivity system and virtual DOM implementation ensure efficient updates and re-renders, minimizing the impact on device performance.

In a previous project, we developed a Vue.js application that needed to work seamlessly on both desktop and mobile devices.

We used a combination of media queries and flexible layouts for responsiveness. We also created Vue.js components that adapted based on the device type to provide an optimal user experience.

Vue.js's efficiency and performance characteristics helped ensure that the application ran smoothly, even on lower-end mobile devices

Why is this a good answer:

  • The candidate accurately describes the role of Vue.js in building responsive applications, clarifying that Vue.js doesn't handle responsiveness directly but facilitates the process.

  • They clearly explain the strategies for achieving responsiveness in Vue.js applications, showing an understanding of both Vue.js and responsive web design principles.

  • The candidate demonstrates their experience by discussing how they applied these strategies in a past project.

  • They acknowledge the importance of performance in mobile environments and discuss how Vue.js's features can help maintain performance, showing an understanding of the demands of mobile web development.

  • The answer is well-structured and communicates the candidate's points clearly and effectively.

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You’ve just read a lot of stuff. But it’ll pay off in the long run. These questions, in one way or another, will make it to your Vue.js interview.

Make sure you pay special attention to the “Why is this a good answer” section. It’ll help you formulate answers based on your own experience.

In the meantime, if you’re looking for amazing front-end developer jobs, make sure you check out Simple Job Listings. All jobs on Simple Job Listings are remote, most pay amazingly well, and a significant number of jobs that we post aren’t listed anywhere else.

Visit Simple Job Listings and find amazing remote developer jobs. Good luck!

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